Self-Employed sign with a beautiful day

What is Self Employed ?

The Self-employed Persons Program allows people to immigrate to Canada permanently as a self-employed person. If you’re interested in this program see Who can apply ?

Who can apply ?

To immigrate as a self-employed person, you must:

  • have relevant experience
  • be willing and able to be self-employed in Canada
  • meet the program’s selection criteria and
  • meet medical, security and other conditions

Relevant experience

Your experience is relevant if you have:

  • taken part in cultural activities or athletics at a world-class level or
  • been a self-employed person in cultural activities or athletics
Definitions

Relevant experience for a self-employed person means at least two years of experience.

It must be during the period starting 5 years before the day you apply and ending on the day we make a decision on your application.

You can get more points if you have 3, 4, or 5 years of experience.

At a minimum, your experience must be:

for cultural activities:

  • 2 one-year periods being self-employed in cultural activities, or
  • 2 one-year periods participating at a world-class level in cultural activities, or
  • a combination of a one-year period described in (a), and a one-year period described in (b)

for athletics:

  • 2 one-year periods being self-employed in athletics, or
  • 2 one-year periods participating at a world class level in athletics, or
  • a combination of a one-year period described in (a) above, and a one-year period described in (b) above

What are the selection factors?

Your application to come to Canada under the self-employed persons class will be assessed against a point system consisting of five selection factors. The five selection factors are:

Selection factors Points
Factor 1: Business experience Maximum 35 points
Factor 2: Age Maximum 10 points
Factor 3: Education Maximum 25 points
Factor 4: Ability in English or French Maximum 24 points
Factor 5: Adaptability Maximum 6 points
Total Maximum 100 points
Pass Mark 35 points

Factor 1: Business experience (maximum of 35 points)

Business experience must have been obtained within the period beginning five years before the date of application.
Experience Points:
Two years business experience:  20  points
Three years business experience:  25 points
Four years business experience: 30 points
Five years business experience: 35 points

Factor 2: Age (maximum of 10 points)

Points are given for your age at the time your application is received.

Factor 3: Education (maximum of 25 points)

Points are awarded for earned educational credentials as well as the number of years of full-time studies or full-time equivalent studies. To be awarded points, you must meet both stated criteria.

Education Points


Factor 4: Ability in English or French

You will be awarded up to 24 points for your basic, moderate or high proficiency in English and French. You will be given points based on your ability to:

  • listen,speak,read, and write.

For your application to be eligible for processing, you must include original results of one of the following language tests from a testing agency designated by IRCC with your application:

English

  • CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (General test only)
  • IELTS: International English Language Testing System (General Training test only)

French

  • TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français
  • TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français (in French only)

English Language Testing System (IELTS):

Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP):

Test d’évaluation de français (TEF):


Factor 5: Adaptability (maximum of 6 points)

A maximum of 6 points for adaptability can be earned by any combination of the following elements:
Adaptability criteria Points
A. Spouse or common-law partner’s level of education:           3 – 5

  • Secondary school (high school) diploma or less:                0 points
  • A one-year diploma, trade certificate, apprenticeship, or university degree and at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 3 points
  • A diploma, trade certificate, apprenticeship, or university degree of two years or more and at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 4 points
  • A Master’s degree or PhD and at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies: 5 points


B. Previous study in Canada:

  • You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed a program of study of at least two years’ duration on a full-time basis at a post-secondary institution in Canada. This must have been done after the age of 17 and with a valid study permit.       5 points

C. Previous work in Canada:   5 points

You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed a minimum of one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit.

D. Relatives in Canada:    5 points

You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has a relative, i.e., parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, child of a parent (sibling), child of a grandparent (aunt and uncle), or grandchild of a parent (niece or nephew), who lives in Canada and is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.


Your score for all factors combined

Use the table below to calculate your total score. The pass mark is 35. The maximum possible score for each class is 100. The pass mark is variable and is determined, on an ongoing basis, by the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship.

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