The Self-employed Persons Program allows people to immigrate to Canada permanently as a self-employed person. If you’re interested in this program see Who can apply ?
To immigrate as a self-employed person, you must:
Your experience is relevant if you have:
Relevant experience for a self-employed person means at least two years of experience.
It must be during the period starting 5 years before the day you apply and ending on the day we make a decision on your application.
You can get more points if you have 3, 4, or 5 years of experience.
At a minimum, your experience must be:
for cultural activities:
Your application to come to Canada under the self-employed persons class will be assessed against a point system consisting of five selection factors. The five selection factors are:
Selection factors Points
Factor 1: Business experience Maximum 35 points
Factor 2: Age Maximum 10 points
Factor 3: Education Maximum 25 points
Factor 4: Ability in English or French Maximum 24 points
Factor 5: Adaptability Maximum 6 points
Total Maximum 100 points
Pass Mark 35 points
Business experience must have been obtained within the period beginning five years before the date of application.
Two years business experience: 20 points
Three years business experience: 25 points
Four years business experience: 30 points
Five years business experience: 35 points
Points are given for your age at the time your application is received.
Points are awarded for earned educational credentials as well as the number of years of full-time studies or full-time equivalent studies. To be awarded points, you must meet both stated criteria.
You will be awarded up to 24 points for your basic, moderate or high proficiency in English and French. You will be given points based on your ability to:
For your application to be eligible for processing, you must include original results of one of the following language tests from a testing agency designated by IRCC with your application:
English Language Testing System (IELTS):
Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP):
Test d’évaluation de français (TEF):
A maximum of 6 points for adaptability can be earned by any combination of the following elements:
Adaptability criteria Points
A. Spouse or common-law partner’s level of education: 3 – 5
B. Previous study in Canada:
C. Previous work in Canada: 5 points
You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed a minimum of one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit.
D. Relatives in Canada: 5 points
You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has a relative, i.e., parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, child of a parent (sibling), child of a grandparent (aunt and uncle), or grandchild of a parent (niece or nephew), who lives in Canada and is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Use the table below to calculate your total score. The pass mark is 35. The maximum possible score for each class is 100. The pass mark is variable and is determined, on an ongoing basis, by the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship.
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